That's according to a new study by Jonathan Rose Companies, with assistance from the U.S. EPA. The study finds that no matter how you look at it, living in housing near transit is more energy efficient than living in the suburbs.
This graph tells it all:
In each case -- single family detached, attached (townhouse), and multi-family (apartment) housing -- non-green housing in transit-oriented development uses less energy than green housing in conventional suburban development. So even if people aren't going out of their way to save energy, the transit-oriented location inherently leads to more efficiency, even compared to housing in suburbs where energy efficiency is a priority.
As Kaid Benfield explains, on the NRDC Switchboard blog, green technology, while not insignificant, isn't the answer to energy efficiency.
We cannot fix our energy use and global warming emissions problems by looking only at building and vehicle technology; we also have to look at land use and transit.
And because transportation and buildings account for 70 percent of energy use and 62 percent of greenhouse-gas emissions in the U.S., cities that make transit-oriented development a priority can have a huge impact on our nation's energy usage and greenhouse-gas emissions.
Graph: U.S. EPA
Photo: La Citta Vita/Flickr