The Honolulu Star Advertiser reports that scientists at the Air Force Maui Optical and Supercomputing Station captured in photos a “glow” caused by atmospheric pressure disturbances generated by the March 11 tsunami that devastated Japan.
The problem with detecting such waves is that they move quickly — 500 miles per hour — without detection: on the open ocean, they’re a mere inch tall.
But a team of scientists from France, Brazil and the U.S. say the waves put pressure on the atmosphere — allowing for better detection.
Jim Borg reports:
“The atmosphere gets less and less dense as you get higher, and that allows the amplitude of the wave to grow,” Jonathan Makela, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, said by phone Thursday.
At an altitude of 155 miles, the wave pressure interacts with the charged plasma of the ionosphere, which creates a faint red glow, Makela said.
It’s nothing you can see with the naked eye, but this ionospheric “chemiluminescence” preceded the March 11 wave by about an hour — offering hope for earlier warning of an impending destructive event.
Scientists currently rely on ocean buoys and models to track and predict the path of a tsunami. A camera in geosynchronous orbit could be the next step.
A look, in a video:
Their findings appear in the online edition of Geophysical Research Letters.