On Wednesday, Tesla wired $451.8 million dollars to the government to completely pay off the loan with interest.
"When you're talking about cutting-edge clean energy technologies, not every investment will succeed - but today's repayment is the latest indication that the Energy Department's portfolio of more than 30 loans is delivering big results for the American economy while costing far less than anticipated," U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz said in a statement.
Tesla received the loan in 2009 when the outlook for the automotive industry -- let alone a startup less than a decade old -- was bleak and finding financing for an auto company was a challenge. Tesla used the money to reopen a manufacturing plant in Fremont, California.
While there are critics of the $34 billion loan program that allowed Tesla and other green energy companies to receive a boost during the recession, the DOE says it's been wildly successful.
“More than 90 percent of loan loss reserve Congress established remains intact, while losses to date represent about 2 percent of the overall $34 billion portfolio," Moniz said.
Tesla paid for the loan with part of the $1 billion it raised from a stocks and notes offering last week.