- The top level was used as a task site -- likely a hunting stand -- where they could kill and prepare game. There were lots of animal remains, as well as evidence of ochre use (possibly for tanning hides) in the back.
- The middle level was a long-term base camp with the densest traces of human occupation. Artifacts here were distributed differently. At the back of the cave there was a hearth about half a meter to a meter from the wall -- allowing warmth to circulate among the living area. Animal bones and stone tools were concentrated outside (“beyond the dripline”) and at the front cave, rather than the rear -- keeping jagged debris out of the high traffic and sleeping areas.
- And the bottom level was a shorter term residential base camp. More stone artifacts were found just inside the shelter, suggesting tool production took place where sunlight was available.
Home organization basics from Neanderthal caves
— By Janet Fang on December 6, 2013, 1:54 PM PST